Barnard Personal Librarians are available for research help, citation guidance, questions on accessing items, or any other library related questions. You can meet with us in-person or on Zoom. Click the button below to schedule a consultation (or click this link)
Here you will find resources to help you with your first-year writing research. Use the side navigation to find:
You can book a consultation with your Personal Librarian by clicking the "Book a Consultation" at left, or book one with me using the "Schedule Appointment" button in my profile box.
Image: Unknown. Zaratman, [graffiti depicting Toni Morrison in the neighborhood of Aranzabela-Salburua, in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain], 2010. Wikimedia Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Vitoria_-_Graffiti_%26_Murals_0392.JPG.
Choosing a topic often feels like an impossible first step. It can be helpful to keep your initial topic ideas broad, and then begin honing in on your research question as you encounter new research materials. It is often through the process of research itself that one discovers a research topic.
There is no correct way to do research, but the following guidelines might be useful to keep in mind as you begin:
After gathering your background information, refine your initial topic and question based off of what you learned. A good rule of thumb: if there is an entire book on your topic, it is too broad for a research paper. On the other hand, if the topic can be discussed in a few paragraphs, then it is too narrow.
Example: "The role of women in the plays of Shakespeare" is too broad because hundreds of books and articles have been written on this topic; "The symbolism of Ariel's costume in the Tempest" is likely too narrow because there are not enough books and articles discussing this specific detail.
Remember, don't worry if refining your topic happens more than once!