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BIOL 1599-002: Biology Journal Club

Finding Non-Scholarly Materials on the Web

Web searching can be good for:

  • Brainstorming ideas
  • Background info
  • Articles describing research in non-scholarly language
  • Vocabulary relating to topic, useful keywords, synonyms to broaden your search

 

What is meant by “Scholarly?”

Scholarly journals are periodicals for specialized readership (also known as peer reviewed or refereed journals)

  • contain articles written by scholars or experts in a field of study, describing "cutting edge" research
  • articles are "peer reviewed" or "refereed," as a quality control mechanism
  • articles have footnotes (or endnotes) and references
  • give the affiliation of the authors (university, research institution),
  • in the sciences and the social sciences each article also has an abstract.

 

Finding Scholarly Articles

Google Scholar

  • This is a full text search, so you may get too many irrelevant hits.
  • Use the Advanced search to search titles only (allintitle:), but you may not get enough hits.
  • Go to Settings – Library Links to enable eLink@Columbia, which makes it easy to find full text in various databases
  • If you can’t find the full-text via e-link because we don’t have the journal at Columbia, go to Interlibrary Loan at library.columbia.edu/find/request/ill.html
  • To cite the article in various citation styles, click on the quotation marks - .

Web of Science (All Databases)

  • Useful for determining how many articles have cited another article. You can sort the results by “Times Cited” to find out which articles are the most influential.
  • Use Web of Science – All Databases
  • You can sort the results by “Times Cited” to find out which articles are the most influential.
  • You can refine your results by Document Type (e.g. Review articles)
  • Use truncation to find various endings – fertil* finds fertile, fertility, and fertilization
  • Use “quotes” to search for a phrase

 

Finding Scholarly Research Articles Mentioned in Non-Scholarly Web Pages

 

  • In the non-scholarly article or web page, find the name of one of the researchers if possible (the more unusual the name is, the better).
  • Go to scholar.google.com  and put in the researcher’s name and the topic of the research
  • If you don’t see an article that looks as if it’s on the right topic, limit the search to the year that the non-scholarly article was published, or try adding or changing search terms.

 

Hands-On Exercises

1.    A. Go to Google.com and search for “Climate change to devastate penguin populations in Antarctica”

       B. Click on the article from the Independent.

       C. Read the article and find the scholarly research article discussed in it.

       D. Write the citation for the research article in CSE style:

2.    A. Go to Google.com and search for “Utah study: 'Crowded' wolves raid other packs”

       B. Click on the article from the Salt Lake Tribune (sltrib.com).

       C. Read the article and find the scholarly research article discussed in it.

       D. Write the citation for the research article in CSE style:

 

Citation Styles

For info about the Council of Science Editors (CSE) style, see tinyurl.com/cse-style-guide

To change a Harvard citation (which you can find via Google Scholar) into CSE style,

  • take out the commas and periods in the authors’ names and the spaces between the initials
  • replace the “and” before the last author’s name with a comma
  • replace the comma after the last author’s name by a period
  • de-italicize the book or journal and volume number
  • replace the comma after the volume and issue with a colon
  • remove the “pp.” for the page numbers.