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ENGL 3927: Senior Seminar: Nineteenth Century American Women Writers

Cultural Studies, Literary Analysis, and Writing Librarian

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Vani Natarajan
Milstein 311. Working remotely most Mondays and Tuesdays usually on campus W, Th, Fri

About This Guide

In this guide, you'll find resources and strategies you can use as you conduct research for the English Senior Seminar: Nineteenth Century Women Writers. 

  • Resources to research background and contextual information on your topic and the approaches you might be bringing to your research (see links below)
  • Strategies and tools for finding nineteenth century texts
  • Strategies and tools for finding scholarly books
  • Strategies and tools for finding scholarly articles
  • Resources for citing your sources
  • Updated information on remote library services available via Barnard, Columbia, and other libraries
  • Guidelines for getting required course texts for free via the Library

Please feel free to book an appointment with me on my calendar page, for further support with your research! 


on left: Gilbert Studios, Washington D.C. (restored by Adam Cuerden). Only known formal photograph of Harriet Jacobs (1894). Via Wikipedia. Public domain. 

on right: Photographer unnamed. Portrait of Sarah Winnemucca. Via Wikipedia. Public domain. 

Finding Search Terms

Before you start searching, it can be useful to start a (perpetually living and growing) list of key words and phrases that are important to your research. This list can include:

  • names of people (historical figures and/or characters in texts)
  • names of places
  • historical moments
  • themes/motifs in a text
  • theoretical frameworks you want to apply
  • theoretical frameworks you want to critique
  • and more



Reference Sources

You might wish to consult reference sources to research backgrounds and contexts, to learn about how "facts" have been constructed and challenged, to get familiar with specialized language and terms, and /or to find recommended readings to deepen your knowledge around an area of research (for the latter, look to bibliographies and works cited lists!)